Internal dosimetry model for applications to bioassay at uranium mills

Cover of: Internal dosimetry model for applications to bioassay at uranium mills |

Published by Division of Radiation Programs and Earth Sciences, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Radiation dosimetry -- Mathematical models,
  • Biological assay -- Mathematical models,
  • Uranium ores -- Toxicology -- United States

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementR.E. Alexander ... [et al.]
ContributionsAlexander, R. E. 1928-, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Division of Radiation Programs and Earth Sciences
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14948019M

Download Internal dosimetry model for applications to bioassay at uranium mills

Get this from a library. Internal dosimetry model for applications to bioassay at uranium mills. [R E Alexander; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Division of Radiation Programs and Earth Sciences.;]. Biokinetic modeling for uranium has been described.

o NUREG–, Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, July Calculated kidney concentrations o Various uranium compound mixtures o Inhalation and ingestion o Single and continuous intakes. Title: NUREG, Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills.

Created Date: 11/18/ AM. Alexander, R. Neel, J. Puskin, and A. Brodsky, "Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills," NUREG (July ).

b) Background information: International Commission on Radiological Protection, "Limits for Intakes of Radionuclides by Workers," ICRP Publicat Pergamon Press, New York (July ). Created Date: 11/18/ AM. intakes and internal doses. The Hanford Internal Dosimetry Program Manual (PNL-MA)1 applies this foundation to define the recommended worker bioassay monitoring programs and internal dose assessment efforts at the Hanford Site.

According to the U.S. Department of Energy Internal Dosimetry Program Guide (DOE G C, ), a technical. Concepts, Models, Equations, and Assumptions for a Bioassay Program” Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide ,”Bioassay at Uranium Mills” Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG –Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications of Bioassay at Uranium Mills Piñon Ridge Mill Emergency Response Plan APPENDICES.

Internal dosimetry model for applications to bioassay at uranium mills [microform] / R.E. Alexander. Oversight of the Radiation Expposure [sic] Compensation Act [microform]: hearing of the Committee on La Potential health and environmental impacts attributable to.

Regulatory Guide,Revision 2 also provides: (1) Recommendations based on the nephrotoxic analyses in NUREG, “Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills,” (Appendix A of the guide); and (2) the consensus standard of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society (ANSI/HPS) N Technical Basis for Decision Made on Uranium Internal Dosimetry of FMPC Employees.

Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education; 12 April ). However, for this facility, uncertainty in the specific activity of the bioassay samples (estimated GSD=) was found to be negligible compared with that from normalisation.

ML - NUREG, Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills. ( page(s), 7/30/) ML - NUREG/CR, Metabolic Fate and Evaluation of Injury in Rats and Dogs Following Exposure to the Hydrolysis Products of Uranium Hexafluoride, Implications for a Bioassay Program Related to Potential Releases.

Uranium cascade significantly influences radioactivity (disintegrations per second) of natural samples and natural the descendants are present, at least transiently, in any natural uranium-containing sample, whether metal, compound, or mineral.

For example, pure uranium is weakly radioactive (proportional to its long half-life), but a uranium ore is about 13 times more. > See also Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills, NUREG, U.S.

NRC, inhalation of uranium concentrate dust The effective dose from inhalation of 1 mg pure natural uranium is mSv. The 20 mSv annual standard is equivalent to mg. This corresponds to a uranium concentration in air of µg/m 3. NUREG, “Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills,” (Ref.

4), provides recommendations in the Table A-1 and Table A-2 regarding the frequency of bioasay, types of bioassay, and recommended corrective licensee actions that licensees may follow. behaviour and the capabilities of available bioassay techniques add uncertainty in developing an Internal Dosimetry and Monitoring Programme (IDMP).

Necsa’s IDMP was reviewed and found to be in line with best international practices and adequate for monitoring routine exposures to Type M uranium. A Pu biokinetic and dosimetry model developed by Mewhinney and Diel, which was based on the results of animal studies, was applied to urinary bioassay data from workers who inhaled Pu.

Dosimetry & Personnel Monitoring Services: Provide occupational radiological monitoring services to monitor and measure radiation exposure to a wide range of customers. Overview: Manage the distribution and collections of personnel monitoring devices for UAB, The Kirklin Clinic, Callahan Eye Foundation Hospital and surrounding satellite clinics.

Contact Person: Itella Smith. Bayesian inference using the Weighted Likelihood Monte-Carlo Sampling (WeLMoS) method is applied to the bioassay and autopsy data from the U.S.

Transuranium and Uranium Registries' (USTUR) tissue. Nuclear Regulatory Research (NUREG, "Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills," Ref. Information acquired in the future may result in revisions to this guide; in particular, if bioassay results accumulated over a sufficiently long period of time.

Bioassay at U Mills 4. Contamination limits for release of material and Simplified Uranium Metabolic Model From NUREGInternal Dosimetry Model for Uranium (USNRC ) - Replaced WASHApplications of Bioassay for Uranium (USAEC ) Health Physics Issue # 2 & 3.

The United States Transuranium and Uranium Registry whole body Case was involved in a wound intake of plutonium at the Hanford Site. applications of internal dosimetry. Madison, WI. [Show full abstract] retrieving bioassay data, launching the FORTRAN internal dosimetry applications and displaying dose results in the form of text summaries and plots.

The DA software involves. This International Standard has been developed to address the specific issue of monitoring and internal dosimetry for ingestion of uranium compounds. It contributes to harmonizing the practices in the monitoring of occupationally exposed persons while remaining complementary to ISO Occupational intakes solely by ingestion are rare.

Application of NCRP Wound Model and ICRP 67 Systemic Plutonium Model for Analysis of Urine Data from Simulated Wounds in Nonhuman Primates on bioassay interpretation and dosimetry. “Internal Dosimetry Model for Applications to Bioassay at Uranium Mills,” (Ref. Either radiochemical bioassay of the urinalysis or in-vivo counting is acceptable to the NRC staff for estimating intake.

A program that corroborates estimates from urinalysis data with the in-vivo determinations, or vice versa, is recommended but not required.

Preface. This regulatory document is part of the CNSC’s radiation protection series of regulatory documents. The full list of regulatory document series is included at the end of this document and can also be found on the CNSC’s website.

Regulatory document REGDOC, Dosimetry, Volume II: Technical and Management System Requirements for Dosimetry Services, sets out requirements and.

The Code for Internal Dosimetry Software Package (CINDY) was developed to assist in the interpretation of bioassay data, provide bioassay projections, and evaluate committed and calendar-year doses from intake or bioassay measurement data. This paper describes the application of Bayesian inference to calculate uncertainties on intakes and lung doses for a sample of UKAEA uranium workers.

The Bayesian methodology, including the prior distributions and Monte Carlo methods, has been used to calculate uncertainties on doses for the same workers in a recent epidemiological study.

He is a member of Committee 2 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the ICRP Task Group on Internal Dosimetry. His physiological systems models of the human circulation, skeleton, and gastrointestinal transfer and his systemic biokinetic models for a number of elements are used by ICRP as dosimetry and bioassay.

Fisher, D.R., R.L. Kathren and M. Swint. Modified Biokinetic Model for Uranium from Analysis of Acute Exposure to UF 6 Presented at the DOE Bioassay and Internal Dosimetry meeting held in Albuquerque, New Mexico. PNL-SA Pacific Northwest Laboratory.

; R.L. Book Review: Something About X-rays for Everybody by E. REGDOC, Volume I aligns with the proposed amendments to the Radiation Protection Regulations (the Regulations, RPR) which are outlined in the What We Heard Report for discussion paper DIS, Proposals to Amend the Radiation Protection Regulations.

Public consultation on the proposed amendments will take place via publication in the Canada Gazette, Part I. Exposure was assessed for a cohort of workers at a former uranium processing facility as part of a mortality study. Workers at the facility had potential for exposure to a wide variety of.

The uranium activity in the sample is normalised to a daily excretion rate on the basis of the creatinine concentration in the sample and assuming a daily creatinine excretion of mg in men and mg in women.

The ongoing sampling at AWE for uranium has resulted in the collection of a large data set of uranium bioassay information.

The handbook includes 20 chapters and covers topics relevant to nuclear medicine physics, including basic physics for nuclear medicine, radionuclide production, imaging and non-imaging detectors, quantitative nuclear medicine, internal dosimetry in clinical practice and radionuclide therapy.

ult to estimate the extent of the internal dose received. Thus, if urine samples are not collected within a relatively short time after accidental exposure or if the samples are not representative due to collection logistics, internal dosimetry calculations based only on urinalysis may be misleading.

With the advent of efficient and sensitive methods for determination of uranium in hair and. • RG“Bioassay at Uranium Mills” (Ref.

6), describes a bioassay program acceptable to the NRC staff for uranium mills (and applicable portions of uranium conversion facilities where the possibility of exposure to yellowcake dust exists), including exposure conditions with and without the use of respiratory protection devices. @article{osti_, title = {LUDEP: A Lung Dose Evaluation Program}, author = {Birchall, A and Bailey, M R and James, A C}, abstractNote = {A Task Group of the ICRP is currently reviewing its dosimetric model for the respiratory tract with the aim of producing a more comprehensive and realistic model which can be used both for dosimetry and bioassay purposes.

G, Preparing Codes of Practice to Control Radiation Doses at Uranium Mines and Mills Published in OctoberG is intended to help applicants for CNSC uranium mining and milling facility licences to develop codes of practice in accordance with the Uranium Mines and Mills Regulations, for the purpose of controlling radiation doses to.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

@article{osti_, title = {UDAD. Uranium Dispersion & Dosimetry Model}, author = {Momeni, M H and Yuan, Y and Zielen, A J}, abstractNote = {The Uranium Dispersion and Dosimetry (UDAD) program provides estimates of potential radiation exposure to individuals and to the general population in the vicinity of a uranium processing facility such as a uranium mine or mill.

To summarize the formalism of internal dosimetry and present its application in clinical practice. Chapter Internal Dosimetry. Slide set prepared in by M. Cremonesi (IEO European Institute of Oncology, Milano, Italy).A Monte Carlo Method for Calculating Bayesian Uncertainties in Internal Dosimetry.

Radiat Prot Dosim.(1): Abstract. USTUR Puncher M., Birchall A. Estimating Uncertainty on Internal Dose Assessments. Radiat Prot Dosim.(): Abstract. USTURThe Uranium Dispersion and Dosimetry (UDAD) program provides estimates of potential radiation exposure to individuals and to the general population in the vicinity of a uranium processing facility such as a uranium mine or mill.

Only transport through the air is considered.

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